SP10.6: Impact of integrating OER in teacher education at the Open University of Sri Lanka

Impact of integrating OER in teacher education at the Open University of Sri Lanka

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This chapter reports on a research project implemented in the Faculty of Education at the Open University of Sri Lanka (OUSL) which investigated the impact of integrating Open Educational Resources (OER) in the teaching-learning process by secondarylevel student teachers in Sri Lanka. The research questions this study seeks to answer are: What are the impacts of OER integration on the use of instructional materials by teachers? What are the impacts of OER integration on teachers’ pedagogical perspectives? What are the impacts of OER integration on teachers’ pedagogical practices?

The study adopted a design-based research approach. An intervention programme was implemented with 230 participants who were student teachers registered in the OUSL Postgraduate Diploma in Education programme in nine OUSL centres across the nine provinces of Sri Lanka. Data were collected at multiple stages through the following quantitative and qualitative strategies: survey questionnaires, analysis of lesson plans, concept mapping, self-reflection, semi-structured interviews, focus group discussions, usage data from the learning management system and narratives in the form of “stories”. While descriptive statistical methods such as percentages were used to analyse the quantitative data, the authors employed an Interpretive Phenomenological Analysis approach to analyse the qualitative data.

Findings showed that the integration of OER had a substantial impact on changing teachers’ instructional resource use, pedagogical perspectives and pedagogical practices. The careful and systematic design of activities facilitated a shift from a “low” to a “high” degree of innovative use of instructional resources as well as creation of OER by teachers, while their pedagogical perspectives and practices shifted towards more constructivist, context-centric and collaborative patterns, as well as to a participatory and sharing culture, in favour of Open Educational Practices.

This kind of capacity-building of teachers in the adoption of OER has the potential to strengthen the school education system in Sri Lanka. Motivating teachers through provision of further opportunities, and recognition of their initiatives through incentives and appreciation, would enhance empowerment of teachers to act as “change agents”. It will also provide insights to inform recommendations for the formulation of evidence-based guidelines to support OER adoption.

Citation
Karunanayaka, S. P. & Naidu, S. (2017). Impact of integrating OER in teacher education at the Open University of Sri Lanka. In C. Hodgkinson-Williams & P. B. Arinto (Eds.), Adoption and impact of OER in the Global South (pp. 459–498). Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.600398

Other project outputs

Edited Book
Karunanayaka, S. & Naidu, S. (Eds). (2016). Dreamweaving Open Educational Practice. Nawala: The Open University of Sri Lanka. Retrieved from http://www.ou.ac.lk/home/images/OUSL/publications/Dreamweaving%20Open%20Educational%20Practices.pdf

Journal articles
Karunanayaka, S. P., & Naidu, S. (in press). A design-based approach to support and nurture open educational practices. (Paper submitted for being published in the AAOU Journal)

Karunanayaka, S. P., Naidu, S., Kugamoorthy, S., Ariyaratne, A., Dhanapala, T.D.T.L. & Gonsalkorala, L.R. (in press). Opening up Access to Education with Open Educational Resources (Paper submitted to be considered for being published in the Journal of NSF – Sri Lanka Journal of Social Sciences)

Naidu, S. & Karunanayaka, S. P. (under preparation). Developing an index (OEP-IE) to evaluate changes in the impacts of adopting Open Educational Resources in teaching and learning

Conference papers
Naidu, S. & Karunanayaka, S. P. (2017). Development of the Open Educational Practices Impact Evaluation Index. Presented at Open Education Global Conference, 8-10 March 2017, Cape Town. Retrieved from https://www.slideshare.net/oeconsortium/oerintegrated-teaching-and-learning-in-a-postwar-northern-sri-lanka-73089222

Kugamoorthy, S., Rajini, M., Karunanayaka, S.P., & Naidu, S. (2017).  OER-Integrated Teaching and Learning in a Post-War Northern Sri Lanka. Research paper presented at the OE Global-2017 Conference 8-10 March 2017, Cape Town, South Africa.

Karunanayaka, S. P., & Naidu, S. (2017). Designing Integration of OER and OEP. Research paper presented at the 2017 ODLAA Conference. 5-7 February, 2017, Melbourne, Australia.

*(Paper was shortlisted for the Best Written Paper Award – ODLAA-2017)

Karunanayaka, S.P., Naidu, S., Kugamoorthy, S., Dhanapala, T.D.T.L., Ariyaratne, A., Gonsalkorala, L.R., Rajini, M., Weerakoon, S. , Wanasinghe, S., Karunanayaka, S., Sudarshana, M.L., Nawaratne, R., Fernando, M.N.C., & Gnaneratnam, K. (2016). Towards open educational practices with reflective practice. Research paper presented at the Open University Research Sessions (OURS)-2016, 17-18 November, 2016, Nawala, Sri Lanka

Karunanayaka, S. P., Naidu, S. & Menon, M. (2016). Transformational Change at the Intersections of Technology, Education and Design at the Open University of Sri Lanka. Research paper presented at the Eighth Pan-Commonwealth Forum on Open Learning (PCF8), 27-30 November, 2016,  Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Available at http://oasis.col.org/handle/11599/2513

*Karunanayaka, S. P., & Naidu, S. (2016). A design-based approach to support and nurture open educational practices. Research paper presented at the 30th Annual Conference of the Asian Association of Open Universities (AAOU), 26-29 October 2016, Manila, Philippines.

*(Paper received the Gold Medal for the Best Practice Award – AAOU-2016)

Karunanayaka, S. P., Naidu, S., Kugamoorthy, S., Ariyaratne, A., Dhanapala, T.D.T.L. & Gonsalkorala, L.R. (2015). Openness in Education: Teacher perspectives through concept mapping. Research paper presented at the 29th Annual Conference of the Asian Association of Open Universities (AAOU), Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 30 November to 2 December, 2015. Retrieved from http://www.slideshare.net/ROER4D/openness-in-education-teacher-perspectives-through-concept-mapping

Karunanayaka, S.P., Naidu, S., Kugamoorthy, S., Gonsalkorala, L.R., Ariyaratne, A., Dhanapala, T.D.T.L., Rajini, M., Wanasinghe, S., Weerakoon, S. , Karunanayaka, S., Sudarshana, M.L., Nawaratne, R., Fernando, M.N.C., & Gnaneratnam, K. (2015). Perspectives and practices of student teachers of OUSL in the use of OER in teaching and learning. Research paper presented at the OUSL Annual Academic Sessions-2015, held 19-20 November, 2015, at OUSL, Nawala.

Naidu, S. & Karunanayaka, S. P. (2015). Impacts of OER: What difference does it make & how? Research paper presented at the International Conference on Distance Education (ICDE), held 14-16 October, 2015, at Sun City, South Africa, hosted by the University of South Africa (Unisa). Retrieved from http://www.slideshare.net/ROER4D/impacts-of-oer-what-difference-does-it-make-and-how

Karunanayaka, S. P., Naidu, S., Kugamoorthy, S., Ariyaratne, A., Dhanapala, T.D.T.L. & Gonsalkorala, L.R. (2015). Opening up Access to Education: Role of Open Educational Resources. Research paper presented at the International Conference on Promoting Socio-Economic Equity in South Asia: Challenges and Prospects, held 15-16 July 2015, National Science Foundation, Colombo, Sri Lanka

Poster Presentations (Related to ROER4D Study)
Karunanayaka, S. P., & Naidu, S. (2016). From mindsets to mindstorms: Promoting transformational change in OEP at OUSL. Poster displayed at the fourth OEPS Forum, held 9th March 2016, Scotland, UK. Retrieved from https://oepscotland.files.wordpress.com/2016/03/oepsforum4_poster-karunanayaka_naidu_march2016.pdf

Keynote Presentations (Related to ROER4D Study)
Karunanayaka, S. P. (2016). Towards OEP: Possibilities & Challenges. Keynote Address delivered at the 3rd eLearning and Distance Education Conference  (ELDEC), held 14-15 March 2016, Virtual University of Pakistan, Lahore, Pakistan. Retrieved from http://www.slideshare.net/shka/eldec-keynote-presentationshironicakarunanayaka14march2016

Blog Site
Dreamweaving Open Educational Practices https://oertlousl.wordpress.com/

Videos
Karunanayaka, S. (2017). Impact of integrating OER in teacher education in Sri Lanka (video). Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UPB8eLF-tJY&index=8&list=PLqSYUJvxD-UDZPS5NwTJixYZqHTgYu7i2

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