SP7: OER integration for course development

A Study on the Processes of OER Integration for Course Development

Project overview
Project outputs

General objective: The present study intends to probe into the operational processes involved in course development using available online multi-media OER materials.

Specific Objectives: To study the findability, levels of usability, ways of reusing OER, cost/time efficiency, conceptual understanding about OER, attitude towards OER and quality of learning materials.


Training and ongoing professional development of teachers has been one of the priority areas which attracted the attention of funding agencies for initiating large scale projects for creating open educational resources (OER). OER is regarded as having the potential to create and adapt high quality teaching and learning materials  with relatively low cost for a given context. However, there is inadequate research evidence regarding the process of reuse and integration of OER for designing and developing courses.

A number of research studies have attempted to understand the process of use, reuse and re-purpose of OER for a given classroom context or for developing new course materials in the online distance learning (ODL) mode. From the review of findings of these studies which probed into experiences of individual teachers using these resources in classroom teaching and for distance education, it could be broadly agreed that both good and a variety of multimedia learning resources when available for open use can make a positive impact in the teaching learning context. However, there is a need to have more evidence about the quality and use of these resources as well as develop workable techniques and models of OER integration for various educational purposes and situations.

The present study intends to probe into the operational processes involved in course development using available online multi-media OER materials for a 5 credit (200 hours study) course on ‘Research in Education’ at post-graduate level. The course development will happen in a collaborative manner with the host institution, Wawasan Open University, working with two other institutions, one in India and the other in Sri Lanka. The study will attempt to investigate some aspects related to the reuse and integration of OER regarding

  • findability of course writers,
  • levels of usability and ways of reusing OER,
  • cost-time efficiency in the use/reuse of OER,
  • impact of course development process on conceptual understanding about OER,
  • attitude of the participating course writers and editors towards OER
  • reaction of teacher learners regarding the quality of learning materials produced.

The study would adopt the conceptual framework based on the one followed by Okada, et. al.(2012) in their study which includes a number of ways of using OER within four levels namely “recreate content & contribute to new productions; adapt part of the content; adopt same content, but adapt structure, format, interface or language; and adopt same content (whole, part or combination)”. The study is expected to contribute to finding some answers regarding the complexities and issues involved, while a new course is being developed entirely with the use, reuse, remix and re-purposing of OER available online with different levels of openness with varied types open licences. The development of the course will involve the collaboration of three institutions adopting a consortium approach.


Okada, A., Mikroyannidis, A., Meister, I., &Little, S. (2012). ”Co-learning” – collaborative networks for creating, sharing and reusing OER through social media. In: Cambridge 2012:Innovation and Impact – Openly Collaborating to Enhance Education, 16-18 April 2012, Cambridge, UK.

Project Lead: Prof Mohandas Balakrishna Menon

Recipient institution: Wawasan Open University

Estimated Duration: 2 years

Methodology: Participatory Action Research

Mentor: Dr Savrithi Singh

Project outputs

Menon, M., Bhat, V., Mathew, R. & Bhandigadi. P. (2016). A study on the adoption and integration of OER materials in self-instructional course development. Paper presented at the 8th Pan-Commonwealth Forum on Open Learning (PCF8) 27 – 30 November 2016. Retrieved from: http://oasis.col.org/handle/11599/2535