SP3: Academics’ views on sharing OER in India

Teachers’ Attitudes, Motivations and conceptions of Quality and Barriers to Open Educational Resources in India

Project overview
Project outputs

General objective: Mapping the current preconceptions and behavioural determinants that influence academics’ engagement with OER.

Specific Objectives:

  1. Examine teacher’s attitudes towards Open Educational Resources in select Indian universities.
  2. Establish teachers’ perspectives on OER use in order to establish the uptake of OER in India.
  3. Identify barriers to creation and use of OER in India.
  4. Identify the factors motivating teachers’ uptake of OER in India
  5. Analyze teachers’ perception of quality of OER in India.
  6. Investigate relationships amongst teachers’ attitudes, motivation, perceptions of quality and barriers to use OER.


Open Educational Resources (OER) have emerged as one of the most innovative teaching and learning practices as well as a cost-effective mechanism to improve the quality of educational offerings by optimizing the use of available resources. While OER can be used by any university, universities depending upon packaged learning materials can use OER to improve their cost-efficiency.

Teachers are central to creation and use of OER; therefore, it is necessary to understand teachers’ psychological and behavioural determinants that may influence their use of OER. There is a need to understand why some teachers share their teaching and learning material while others remain reluctant. Therefore, there is a need to understand how teachers’ pre-disposition and their espoused views about pedagogical practices and innovations determine their OER practices. This sub-project would investigate the psychological as well as practical aspects of teachers’ engagement with the concept and practices of OER at the individual and institutional level. The results of the study will assist policy-makers and institutional leaders to design effective strategies to integrate OER into teaching and learning practices by considering teachers’ conceptions about quality and other barriers to OER adoption. It will also guide capacity development activities by identifying motivators and positive pre-disposition needed to promote effective use of OER. If OER have to be mainstreamed into teaching and learning in higher education, it is necessary to understand what motivates teachers to share their work with others.

Project Leader: Dr. Sanjaya Mishra (Former Director, Commonwealth Educational Media Centre for Asia), Currently Education Specialist, eLearning, Commonwealth of Learning

Research Associate: Alka Singh

Recipient Institution: Commonwealth Educational Media Centre for Asia

Estimated Duration: 2 years

Methodology:  Questionnaire, interview and focus group discussions.

Mentor: Prof Cheryl Hodgkinson-Williams

Project website: http://roer.cemca.org.in

Project outputs
Part of the research project involved organising four workshops on OER for Development to train about 130 teachers in Indian Universities to understand OER and participate in research process. Resources, in the form of presentations, from the workshops are available at the links below:

Other outputs:

Mishra, S. (2016). Maintaining Use and Adaptation of Open Educational Resources in Indian Higher Education: a Model. Poster presented at PCCF8. Retrieved from http://oasis.col.org/bitstream/handle/11599/2671/2016_Mishra_Mainstreaming-Use-Adaptation-OER.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y

Sharma, R. C., Thakur, A., Sharma, M. and Mishra, S. (2015). Teachers’ Perception of Open Educational Resources: Data Collection through Workshops (ROER4D).

1 Response

  1. Damian says:

    Hi Jennifer Maddrell,Thanks for sharing this OCW/OER post with your rraedes I hope it will get more people excited about OCW and OER. It is amazing the amount of learning gems you can find within these repositories if we just begin the learning journey Warm Regards,Zaid (or ZaidLearn)