SP3: Academics’ views on sharing OER in India

Higher education faculty attitude, motivation and perception of quality and barriers to OER in India

Project overview
Project outputs

General objective: Mapping the current preconceptions and behavioural determinants that influence academics’ engagement with OER.

Specific objectives/research questions:

  1. How are teachers’ attitudes towards OER situated in the context of teaching and learning?
  2. Is there any difference in attitude towards OER between teachers according to different demographic variables?
  3. What are teachers’ motivations for using OER and sharing their work as OER?
  4. Is there any difference in motivations between groups of teachers (based on the measured demographic variables)?
  5. What barriers to using OER do teachers perceive?
  6. How do teachers perceive the quality of OER?
  7. Are there relationships between teachers’ attitudes, motivations and perceptions of quality when it comes to their use and contribution of OER?


OER have emerged as one of the most innovative teaching and learning practices, as well as a cost-effective mechanism to improve the quality of educational offerings by optimising the use of available resources. Teachers are central to the creation and use of OER; it is therefore necessary to understand the psychological and behavioural determinants that may influence their use of OER. There is a need to understand why some teachers share their teaching and learning materials while others remain reluctant. Along with this, there is a need to understand how teachers’ predisposition and espoused views on pedagogical practices and innovations determine their OER practices.

This sub-project investigated the psychological and practical aspects of teachers’ engagement with the concept and practice of OER at the individual and institutional level. Utilising a mixed methods approach, data was collected through a questionnaire-based survey (n = 117), workshop-based focus-group discussions (n = 30), and face-to-face interviews (n = 28). The research data analysis process utilised a conceptual framework based on the interrelationships between attitudes, motivations, perceptions of OER quality, and barriers to OER uptake. Activity Theory provided a framework to describe the contradictions and complementary factors of OER uptake.

If OER have to be mainstreamed into teaching and learning in higher education, it is necessary to understand what motivates teachers to share their work with others. It is envisioned that the results of this study will assist policy-makers and institutional leaders to design effective strategies to integrate OER into teaching and learning practices by considering teachers’ conceptions about quality and other barriers to OER adoption. It will also guide capacity development activities by identifying motivators and positive predisposition needed to promote effective use of OER

Project website: http://roer.cemca.org.in

Project outputs

Research on Open Educational Resources for Development. Faculty perceptions of OER in India. (ROER4D Sub-project 3) [dataset]. Version 1. Cape Town: ROER4D [producer], 2015. Cape Town: DataFirst [distributor], 2016. Available at https://www.datafirst.uct.ac.za/dataportal/index.php/catalog/578/related_materials.

Mishra, S. (2017). Promoting Use and Contribution of Open Educational Resources. New Delhi, India: Commonwealth Educational Media Centre for Asia. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/11599/2659

Mishra, S., Sharma, M., Sharma, R. C., Singh, A. & Thakur, A. (2016). Development of a Scale to Measure Faculty Attitude towards Open Educational Resources. Open Praxis, 8(1). Retrieved from http://openpraxis.org/index.php/OpenPraxis/article/view/236

Part of the research project involved organising four workshops on OER for Development to train about 130 teachers in Indian Universities to understand OER and participate in research process. Resources, in the form of presentations, from the workshops are available at the links below:

Other outputs:

Mishra, S. (2016). Maintaining Use and Adaptation of Open Educational Resources in Indian Higher Education: a Model. Poster presented at PCCF8. Retrieved from http://oasis.col.org/bitstream/handle/11599/2671/2016_Mishra_Mainstreaming-Use-Adaptation-OER.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y

Sharma, R. C., Thakur, A., Sharma, M. and Mishra, S. (2015). Teachers’ Perception of Open Educational Resources: Data Collection through Workshops (ROER4D).

1 Response

  1. Damian says:

    Hi Jennifer Maddrell,Thanks for sharing this OCW/OER post with your rraedes I hope it will get more people excited about OCW and OER. It is amazing the amount of learning gems you can find within these repositories if we just begin the learning journey Warm Regards,Zaid (or ZaidLearn)